One of the most impressive squares of antiquity. The oval shape is unique and was chosen to harmoniously connect two axes that meet at an angle: the newer one of the Roman Cardo (the long colonnaded street) with the axis of the older Sanctuary of Zeus.
The square itself with the Ionic columns was built at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. The paving was done later and was very complex, because a 6 to 8 m high substructure had to be built to compensate for a depression.
View from the Sanctuary of Zeus.
© Photo: Haupt & Binder