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En la 58ª Exposición Internacional de Arte de la Bienal de Venecia, el Pabellón Nacional de los EAU presenta Passage, una instalación inmersiva de dos canales de vídeo y doce canales de sonido de la artista Nujoom Alghanem. Filmada en los Emiratos Árabes Unidos y en Venecia, la obra ha sido concebida y desarrollada en estrecha colaboración con los curadores Sam Bardaouil y Till Fellrath.
Nujoom Alghanem es una reconocida poetisa y cineasta y una de las principales voces de su generación. Con ocho volúmenes aclamados por la crítica publicados hasta la fecha, se destaca por sus contribuciones a las nuevas formas de lírica árabe contemporánea. Como cineasta galardonada, ha dirigido una serie de largometrajes y documentales que promueven la reflexión sobre cuestiones de género y normativas sociales.
Passage expands Nujoom Alghanem’s experimentation with contemporary Arabic poetry through the language of film. Taking her quintessential 2009 poem, The Passerby Collects the Moonlight, as a point of departure, this installation explores the universal experience of displacement.
It is structured along two distinct narratives, one “real,” the other “fictional,” which are simultaneously projected as two non-linear films on the opposite sides of the same screen. The “real” narrative depicts the endeavours of Nujoom and Amal, a Syrian actress residing in the United Arab Emirates, to create a film for the Pavilion. The “fictional” narrative is an aestheticised portrayal of Falak, a displaced woman on an arduous journey. The latter is conceived by Nujoom and played by Amal. This Brechtian conflation of reality and fiction, culminating in a scene that depicts Falak arriving to the Pavilion in Venice, prompts the viewer to consider the parallels between the film’s three main protagonists: the director, the actress and the fictional character. These three women of a similar age are connected by the experience of shared dualities: the hidden and the revealed, fragility and power, as well as belonging and displacement.
The experience of passage and duality also permeates the design of the exhibition space, where visitors can enter and exit from either side of the Pavilion. A large 3 x 6 meter screen, diagonally positioned at the center, divides the space into two symmetrical halves. The viewers are invited to engage both with Nujoom and Amal’s real process of creating the film, as well as with the cinematographic portrayal of the fictional character of Falak. At several moments throughout the film, Nujoom’s voice is heard reciting segments from her poetry. The two films are bound by one shared soundtrack, which evokes a different meaning on each side of the screen. Only after visitors have crossed over to the other end they realize that the two ostensibly separate films are in fact two sides to the same story. The viewers and the film’s protagonists alike will have each undergone a “passage” of their own.
Curators Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath say: “In Passage, Alghanem weaves together two genres of storytelling: the ancient art of poetry, which continues to be a living art form deeply steeped within the local cultural landscape, with filmmaking, which is relatively recent within the context of the UAE. The installation explores the psychological, emotional and physical experience of displacement, a theme that underpins much of Alghanem’s practice. Through the accentuation of reality and fiction, she further implicates the viewers in one of the film’s central questions; the extent to which art is able to meaningfully impact the lives of those whose stories it seeks to tell.”
In discussing her film, artist Nujoom Alghanem says: “Through Passage, I seek to intertwine the parallels between my personal experience and the films’ two main protagonists, the actress Amal, and Falak the fictional character she portrays. The film employs the complex realities lived by many women as a vehicle to reflect, in a metaphorical manner, on some of the most pressing challenges of our time. ”
Angela Migally, Executive Director of the Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan Foundation, commissioner of the National Pavilion UAE, says: “Nujoom’s poetry and filmmaking are renowned for their compelling narratives, and her commissioned work for the National Pavilion UAE is a powerful example. The Salama bint Hamdan Foundation tells the untold stories of the UAE through cultural projects. This important and intriguing new work explores connected yet distinct stories that are both universally relevant, and deeply rooted in the region.”
The exhibition is accompanied by a fully illustrated 136-page publication under the same title, edited by Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath. The publication is available in two separate English and Arabic language editions and includes an essay by the curators, an interview with the artist, several poems by Alghanem, and a selection of imagery from the film. It is jointly published by the National Pavilion UAE, Abu Dhabi, and Silvana Editoriale, Milano.
ISBN [English]: 9788836643486
ISBN [Arabic]: 9788836643493
El Pabellón Nacional de los Emiratos Árabes Unidos está comisariado por la Fundación Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan y apoyado por el Ministerio de Cultura y Desarrollo del Conocimiento. Los Emiratos Árabes Unidos han participado en la Exposición Internacional de Arte de la Bienal de Venecia desde 2009 y mantienen un pabellón permanente en el Arsenale - Sale d'Armi.
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© Foto de los curadores: Cortesía del Pabellón nacional EÁU - La Biennale di Venezia
© Imágenes arriba: Nujoom Alghanem, Passage, 2019. Vistas de la instalación: Barbara Zanon; still de producción: Augustine Paredes de Seeing Things; Cortesía del Pabellón Nacional de los EÁU.