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The Karlsaue park originates from a symmetrical Baroque garden, created during the reign of Landgrave Charles I (1654 - 1730). The German name for Charles is Karl, therefore the name Karlsaue.
In 1785, under William IX Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, the extension and redesign of the park to an English landscape garden began. Essential parts of the Baroque layout remained, in particular the three main axis with both channels and the central alley that radiate from the Karlswiese (meadow) in front of the Orangerie (built 1703 - 1711).
Since 2009, the State Park Karlsaue, of about 1.5 square kilometer of extension, belongs to the European Garden Heritage Network, and is a free public green space. Since the 2nd edition of the Documenta in 1959 the park has been used as exhibiton venue.
Extensive photo tour through Documenta 13, 9 June - 16 September 2012 in Kassel, Germany. A selection of art works at most of the venues.