A first settlement in front of the northern gate of the Roman fort may have already existed during its military use. After the demilitarisation of the garrison in the 5th century, the area within the walls was transformed into a densely populated civilian quarter. The area north of it grew into a splendid town, which was obviously an important place of pilgrimage.
A walk through the ruins of an astonishing number of churches and chapels decorated with mosaic floors, a villa, winery and other buildings still gives an impression of the great importance of Mefa'a (Umm er-Rasas) in Byzantine and Umayyad times. More about in the photo tour.